日本語 / English
The 15th AI Art & Aesthetics Research Meeting "Artificial Consciousness / Artificial Life"
Artificial Intelligence Art and Aesthetics Exhibition Symposium 05
* Record [J]
- January 7, 2018 14:00-19:00
- Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) Auditorium
- Takashi Ikegami
Professor, Department of General System Studies, The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences University of Tokyo
- Ryota Kanai
Neuroscientist, Founder & CEO of Araya, Inc.
- Toshiyuki Nakagaki
Director, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University. Professor, MATHEMATICAL and PHYSICAL ETHOLOGY Lab., Research Center of Mathematics for Social Creativity
- Takashi Ikegami
- Moderator: Kenji Doya (OIST), Hideki Nakazawa (AIAARG)
- Simultaneous interpretation (J/E)
- Artificial Intelligence Art and Aesthetics Research Group (AIAARG)
[In collaboration with]
- Goethe Institut
- In collaboration with: Goethe-Institut Tokyo, as a part of "A Better Version of 人", a common project by the Goethe-Institutes in East Asia
- JAPAN AIRLINES [JAL]
- Kakenhi on Innovative Areas: Artificial Intelligence and Brain Science
- Post-K Exploratory Challenge: Whole-brain Simulation and Brain-style AI
"Artificial Consciousness and the Android 'Alter'"
- When do we feel that we have a mind, or how could we install the mind on the machine? We take two approaches, the experimental and the constructivist, to answer these questions. In the experimental approach, we will draw on a cognitive experiment, called the perceptual crossing experiment, in which the subjects perceive the existence of their partner from tactile interaction in a virtual space. In the constructivist approach, we create an Android named "Alter" and let it interact with people to foster humanity in Alter. The first approach shows that passive touch is essential to perceiving others (Kojima, H. et al. Front. Psych. 2017). The second method demonstrates the advantages of the principle of stimulus avoidance found in model neural network (Doi, I. et al., ECAL 2017). From these experiments, I will discuss the innovative and complex dynamics aspects of man-AI/ALIFE interaction (Takashi Ikegami and Hiroshi Ishiguro, In Between Man and Machine: Where is Mind?, (Kodansha, 2016)).
"Conscious AI, General AI, and Living AI"
We have two naive intuitions about consciousness.
First, life forms have conscious experience. We tend to acknowledge inner conscious experiences in biological organisms, but not in machines.
Second, highly advanced AI has consciousness. In Sci-Fi films, advanced AIs gain experiences of emotion and intention.
While it is possible to analytically discern the differences among consciousness, intelligence and life, I will illustrate the close relationships among the three from the perspective of generative models of the self, and the philosophical stance called biological naturalism. In the same vein, I will argue that general AI as we conceive could possess phenomenal consciousness, and propose a method to test phenomenal consciousness in machines using theories such as integrated information theory.
- We have two naive intuitions about consciousness.
"Imagining the interface between behavior and intelligence in slime mold of single celled organism"
- Slime mold Physarum, an amoeboid organism, moves around on the dark and humid floor of woods, and can trying to avoid predators and exposure to sunlight while coming closer to foods. It may often meet a difficult decision to choose whether to go or not to go. Life is not always easy even in slime mold although the life style of it is totally different from human. It is not easy for us to imagine how properly his behaviors work in wild environments. After all, I like to throw away the stupid opinion that single celled organism is stupid.